In training, two means of developing violets from seeds have been utilized: sowing seeds instantly in the open ground or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter process is considered more successful, as when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants from the current year.
To acquire high-quality planting material, sowing seedlings must be carried out of the last ten years of February or in March. To carry out such actions after mid-spring isn’t advised, because the seeds have been sown in the open area in the last ten years of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds could be sown in almost any container, such as plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. To prepare the nutrient mix, ingredients such as garden soil, humus and peat are used. All components are taken in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
When employing the conventional technique of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient substrate with a pencil, the space between the rows will be approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are put in the made holes every 2 centimeters and covered with dirt. Now, it is crucial to water the crops with water and cover the container with transparent film. Following that, the containers are put in a warm room with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees. Care for seedlings
The first sprouts of pansies usually look in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A afterward sprouting of seeds comes in the instances of:
- The use of old planting material;
- in case of filling that the seeds with a thick coating of dirt;
- when employing a mineral of the wrong composition, by way of example, clay dirt.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and maintenance, species and varieties
In the spring phase, the direct rays of sunlight pansies aren’t afraid, so containers with seedlings may be put in the southern part of the apartment. After sprouting, the purple has fairly strong stalks, but that does not follow that you will need to immediately get rid of the movie in the container.
Viola requires a fantastic watering, but moistening the soil ought to be completed since the upper coating dries. To carry out such measures, it’s worth using rain or melt water. Regular tap water should preferably endure for 2-3 days. Plants are scared of overwatering, since a high concentration of water in the soil may cause rotting of their flower roots. Selecting up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers must be if the first two true leaves are shaped. Pansies aren’t afraid of transplanting, they take root into a new nutritious substrate even with slight damage to the moyakovka.ru root system, which occasionally occurs when the plant is taken out of the container. Such violets are a bit slower in growth, but the general performance is not affected.
With a scarcity of light or cramped space on the window sill, violet seedlings can extend out. To find an excellent healthy flower, such civilizations when picking at a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will provide an opportunity to get extra origins on the underground portion of the stem. Pruning
This kind of occasion as stem pruning lets you reach a better tillering of the civilization. Such steps are carried out after the appearance of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of garden violets in a permanent place is based upon the climatic features of a particular region. Such activities should be carried out with the beginning of steady warm weather in the last ten years of April or at the very first days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well-intentioned location.
After digging the dirt for every planting hole, add crushed charcoal at moderate fraction of 200 g and the same quantity of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils comprising peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with the accession of half the sand.
During transplanting to a permanent location, ready seedlings are put on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes and covered with soil. Then compact the dirt round the bushes and water the plants using warm water. When growing backyard violets, it’s essential to divide the bushes from the plantings every 3 years.
Maybe not every gardener may wish to take care of the cultivation of pansies seedlings, as it is quite a troublesome undertaking. Such operations should be completed from late May or early June. In this case, the flowering of violets will start in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of the culture the next year, in spring, the seeds must be sown in August.